Brno in Czech Moravia prepares to celebrate the bicentennial of the birth of the naturalist and monk Father Gregor Mendel Osa (1822-1884). An introduction to genetics was the abbot of the Augustinian order in Brno. Radio Braga reported on May 1 that the city will dedicate 2022 to the “father of genetics”, who developed his theory of inheritance (Mendelian principles) there.
According to information from Radio Braga, last week he began a fundraising campaign for the monument to Father Mendel. It should contain an (ammunition) box with DNA samples in it. The square named after him will also be renovated. This square is home to the Augustinian monastery where Father Mendel worked for decades and elected him abbot in 1868.
Father Mendel participated in research on the genetics of common peas. He proved that the inheritance of pea traits is based on a set of laws. This was later named after his nickname “Mendelian Laws”. The importance of Father Mendel’s observations was not appreciated until the turn of the twentieth century, when the rediscovery of the processes he observed gave rise to a new field of science – genetics.
In preparation for Father Mendel’s Jubilee, the organizers collaborate with the Augustinian Order and with foreign institutions, including. With the universities of Oslo and Vienna. A major festival is planned, which is a multi-disciplinary week of celebrations with workshops and events for families with children. The Augustinians should present the “spiritual program” of the festival and make available the land of the monastery.
In the year 2020, in honor of Father Mendel, who discovered the rules of genetics while crossing peas, a giant pea seven meters high will be erected in the city center. In his experiments, Father Mendel used about 20,000 pea seedlings. In 2021, giant peas will tour the entire Czech Republic to spark interest in the Mendel Festival.
As part of the preparations for the jubilee, it is also planned to renovate the greenhouse in the garden of the monastery, where Father Mendel conducted his experiments. The greenhouse was badly damaged in a storm in the 1870s, and only its skeleton has been preserved. The new greenhouse will be rebuilt on the basis of archival documents and will be ready in 2022.
Johann Gregor Mendel was born on July 20, 1822 to a family of small Austrian Seleucian farmers in the village of Heinis (German Heinzendorf) in what was then Austria-Hungary. In the years 1834-1840 he entered the secondary school in Opava, then in 1843 he graduated from the Institute of Philosophy at the University of Olomouc. After completing his junior year for one year, in 1844 he joined the Augustinian Order and began his theological studies in Brno, from which he graduated in 1848. In addition to pastoral activity, he lectured in agriculture at the Technical Institute in Brno and at the Secondary School in Znojmo. In the years 1851-1853, with prior approval, he studied natural sciences in Vienna. In 1854, he set up a botanical farm in the monastery garden to study the diversity of inheritance, and at the same time he organized a meteorological observatory. He has conducted scientific research in these two areas (also marginally in hydrology and research on bees). He died on January 6, 1884 in Brno.
Street. Thomas in ancient Brno is the only Augustinian monastery of ascetics in the world. In 1868 he was elected as its president. In the emblem of Father Mendel as the Father of the Fathers, four fields of shield appear as lilies as a symbol of botany and the search for genetics, a plow with a cross as a blessing for planting, a handshake with a burning heart, and Alpha and Omega – a symbol of the Almighty and Creator God who completes everything.