Casimir the Great, though not a bronze figure, descended into social memory as a great ruler. The high estimate of his work has already been emphasized in fourteenth-century sources. This image was captured in the following century by John Dugos, who wrote:
[…] He shone with the excellence of many virtues, especially justice and righteousness, and he became famous not only in his own country but also in foreign lands, and thus his famous and famous works, foreign clinics, especially in Germany, […] They emigrated to the Kingdom of Poland, in that country, permanently with their families and gardens, they chose a flat for themselves.[…].
The historian of Krakow, who contributed to the permanent change of the name of Vadisva Łokietek’s son, is one of the most famous of the royal ‘nicknames’. Contemporary historical history is unanimous on the validity of this combination. Casimir was a generous king in the history of the Great, well-liked and respected, a great builder, politician and legislator.
In the 16th century, Markin Cromer described the reign of the last Beast:
[…] He is more famous for his quietness than his actions and martial arts; Thus, one of the kings of Poland, he deserves the nickname of a great man, not by military prowess and conquest, but by great deeds and the fortification of numerous castles and cities. From all those in high positions and from those of low social status, he is credited with accumulating benefits, namely justice, accessibility, humanity, compassion and gentleness, yet the virtues of war are more than proud. Today’s human gratitude can be very easily applied to these virtues of meekness. Usually people appreciate it more, but they are in a grateful memory.
Casimir the Great: Consecutive, Challenges and Regional Acquisitions
The future heir to the Polish throne was born on April 30, 1310 in Koval (now Wojciech County). He is the youngest son of WładysŁaw okietek and Jadwiga Bolesławówna. After the untimely death of his elder brothers, he became the sole heir to the crown in 1312.
He grew up in a castle in Crago. In his youth, the prince was a frequent guest at the friendly Hungarian court in Puda. After overcoming a serious illness that threatened his life, he took part in the Polish-Dutonic War (1327-1332). Conflict was not resolved, and the signing of a peace treaty in favor of the kingdom became one of the most serious challenges in the first years of the young king’s reign.
Władysław Łokietek died in March 1333. This kingdom, united after the era of district decay, consisted of only Greater Poland and Lesser Poland. The remaining lands did not recognize the sovereignty of Krakw and were occupied by the Czech mad or monastic state. The Luxembourg-Dodonic alliance posed a serious threat to the Polish government.
The new ruler did not have an easy start – and his ability to wage wars was questioned in court. There were unconfirmed rumors in the royal court that Prince Bowes should leave the battlefield. The news is probably related to the decision of the seventy-year-old king, who, for his son, recalled his forces from the battlefield.
Under such difficult circumstances, on April 25, 1333, 23-year-old Casimir Łokietkowic was crowned King of Poland at the Bat.
The first victories of the young ruler were to avoid the danger of Luxembourg and to solve the Dutonic problem. John of Luxembourg, son of Emperor Henry VII and King of Bohemia, claimed the throne of Crago and ruled the lands that were formerly part of the Beast monarchy of Presbyterian II.
In 1335, the ruler, with the diplomatic support and mediation of the court in Buda, dropped his claim for the sum of 20,000 kopecks of the Brock Cross, which was the largest at the time. At the same time, Casimir III the Great did not relinquish Polish rights to the Czech-mad Mazovia.
After prolonging the Polish-Teutonic war, the son of Vadisva Łokietek was able to form a special papal tribunal, which would settle the dispute. Eventually, the conflict ended in 1343 with the signing of the Treaty of Khalis. Poland reclaimed Gujavi and Tobrik land, while Gdaksk Pomerania was ceded as a “permanent beggar”. Such an exit from the conflict is considered a victory for Cassimier’s diplomacy.
The incorporation of Holik-Votsimier Rasa into the crown of Ruthenia became a long and executed project. Expansion in this direction, carried out in collaboration with Hungary, was very popular among the wealthy of Młbolska because this area was of major importance for trade development to the East. Prince Bolshevik Jersey, who ruled the presidency, came from the line of the Moroccan Beast and was succeeded to the throne by Vadisva Łokietek.
In 1338, during a conference in Viceroy (the issue of the Hungarian successor was established after the death of the great Casimir), Vladimir’s ruler made a formal act of swearing in the Ruthenian throne. That he had no male heir.
Two years later, Polsva Jersey drank poison. However, local farmers did not want to comply with the Viceroyalty. Lithuania also declared rights to these lands. Eventually, the capture of Razik took twenty-five years for the Polish army.
Compared to the times of his father, the area of the great Casimir monarchy has increased from 102 to 244 thousand square kilometers. However, attempts to recapture Silesia, made in an armed conflict with Luxembourg, failed. Under the peace of Namiso in 1348, Poland withdrew from the conflict to no avail, and the rich district was annexed to the crown of the Kingdom of Bohemia.
Krakow’s diplomacy was also interested in Pomeranian policy. Thanks to the alliance formed with Denmark and western Pomerania in the 1660s, the strategically located Trestenko, Sandok and Wax districts were incorporated into the Polish state. The policy pursued in this region was to remove from the Beast monarchy the threat posed by the Brandenburg-Dutonic alliance.
Another triumph of Krakow’s diplomacy was its strong association with the crown of the Masovian princes. The district is very important in the game with Luxembourg and the monastic state.