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Index – Abroad – China’s beef hunger continues to ravage the Amazon

Last year, the amount of Brazilian beef for China increased by 76 percent compared to 2019, with 43 percent of total Chinese beef imports coming from the largest South American country. Diego de Carvalho, a professor at the University of Sவோo Paulo, says the value of the Brazilian currency, real, fell last year due to quality and price.

Brazilian beef is one of the cheapest in the world.

Therefore, Chinese imports are expected to increase further this year. The other reason is that the Chinese pork industry has been severely affected by the African swine flu epidemic, and Brazil is well placed to meet the demand for Chinese beef.

It is true that China eats even less beef than the United States, but as the Chinese economy grows, more people are losing weight. Although the Chinese have traditionally preferred to eat pork, the fact that half of the pork population was exterminated in 2018–2019 pushes demand towards beef.

There are also social reasons for the huge increase in Chinese meat consumption. In China, eating meat is considered a sign of wealth.

Even twenty years ago, except in the big cities, the Chinese ate more or less meat because it was more expensive. Today, people in rural and small towns have more money and believe that wealth equals many By eating meat, Explains Zhao Soo, a businessman in his forties Guardianek.

In contrast, large city dwellers are already healthier and eat more vegetables.

According to a 2017 statistic, 70 percent of the beef coming to China from China comes from tropical savannahs in the Amazon and Serrado regions. Today, half of Cerado’s savannahs and twenty percent of the Amazon rainforest have disappeared as a result of global warming, although Both parts Its role in balancing the carbon economy of the atmosphere is invaluable.

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The growing global demand for beef is carving out more and more areas from the Amazon rainforest, and since the far-right Bolsanaro took office in 2019, deforestation in the Amazon has grown at an unprecedented rate for twelve years. From the first minute, the Brazilian president openly supported the creation of new foraging areas, grazing lands and mines in the rainforest, and also reduced the budgets of government agencies that punish farmers and illegal lockers for violating environmental laws.

Last summer, twenty-nine international companies and organizations with significant investments in Brazil called on the Bolzano government to stop immediately. The destruction of the Amazon, Be prepared for severe sanctions if it does not work.

According to a report, beef exported to China could be linked to twenty-two Brazilian butcheries, fourteen of which are in the Amazon state and four in the neighboring state of Bara.

Para has the fifth largest herd of cattle in Brazil, and farmers in Bara also fear it could fall victim to Amazonian deforestation or the international boycott of Brazilian beef.

This can be countered only if a certificate proves that the appearance of the meat coming into the slaughterhouses is strictly controlled and that the meat does not come from farms set up in violation of deforestation and environmental standards. The three largest meat processing companies, which account for 72 percent of Brazilian beef exports, have pledged to develop the necessary monitoring system by 2025.

While there is a link between Chinese beef imports and the fall of the Amazon rainforest, The Guardian notes that the Chinese government’s efforts to carbon-neutralize the country by 2060 should be welcomed. In the future it will not affect if people look for eco-friendly status symbols for themselves.

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(Cover image:
Employees make beef pies at a supermarket in Sã
Palo, Brazil, May 30, 2007.
Photo: MAURICIO LIMA / AFP)